Compulsory Secondary Education, ESO (ages 12-16)

Secondary education is basic and compulsory. The law establishes that minors must attend daily to centres, where a systematic control of absences is performed.

It is made up of four school years which usually begin the year in which a kid turns 12 and they end, usually, at 16. Students are generally allowed to stay at a centre until they turn 18.

The goal of secondary education is to give students an education that allows them to achieve a firm personal development and to acquire the skills and competences relative to: oral expression and comprehension, writing, calculus, resolution of everyday problems, the rejection of all types of discrimination based on sex, equal rights and opportunities between men and women, personal autonomy, personal responsibility and interdependence, and understanding the basics of the scientific social and cultural worlds, more specifically those elements that allow a rooting in Catalonia. Likewise, it should help to develop the social skills to work and study in an independent and critical way, with sensibility, creativity and affection to all boys and girls.

Secondary education is free in schools supported with public funds (public and charter schools). However, there are costs associated with education that need to be taken care of by families, such as textbooks, kid’s camps, the school meal service or extracurricular activities. Families with fewer resources may be eligible for grants covering textbooks and school supplies or access to services such as school meals. Check here for grants and scholarships.

In the case of charter schools, they are allowed to charge a fee to families for activities of up to one hour of school time per day.

Students who finish secondary education with the title of graduate in secondary education have access to a range of possibilities. See here where you can study the Degree in Secondary Education.

Students who finish secondary education without the Degree in Secondary Education receive a certificate of education which will detail the years and the subjects taken, and they may voluntarily take the professional qualification programs or prepare for the entrance to the intermediate level if they are older than 17. Check here to see what can be studied without the Degree in Secondary Education.